Common Running Injuries
Runners are prone to a wide variety of injuries. The high impact nature of the running causes considerable stress to muscles, tendons and ligaments as well as making such athletes vulnerable to strains, sprains and fractures. When the foot is contact with the ground, the forces and mechanics are transmitted along the leg to the spine. This is repeated every step and if there is any biomechanical abnormality in this motion injuries can occur.
Iliotibial Band syndrome – ITBS is one of the leading causes of lateral knee pain in runners. The iliotibial band is a superficial thickening of tissue on the outside of the thigh extending from the outside of the pelvis, over the hip and knee, and inserting just below the knee.
The continual rubbing of the band over the lateral femoral epicondyle, combined with the repeated flexion and extension of the knee during running will cause the area to become inflamed.
Hip Stress Fracture – Stress fractures of the hip can be very common for long distance runners. This is a serious injury to the ball and socket hip joint. Stress fractures are injuries to the bone that result from overuse activity.
Pulled Hamstring – A pulled hamstring is seen most frequently with sprinters. This is a tear of the hamstring muscle fibers. In less sever hamstring strains the tearing is microscopic, however in severe hamstring strains, the hamstring muscle can be completely ruptured and may require surgery.
Runner’s Knee – also known as chodromalacia, this condition results from a softening or wearing away of the cartilage under the kneecap, resulting in pain and inflammation
* Dislocated Kneecap (Patella) – The patella is one of the three bones that come together at the knee joint. Sometimes the patella can move or slide out of it’s position on the knee, most often laterally. This can result in extreme intense pain and swelling. It occurs most frequently after a sudden change in direction when the leg is planted.
Shin Splints – An inflammation of muscle attachments and interosseous membranes to the tibia or shin bone.
*Exercise Induced Compartment Syndrome – This is an injury that causes pain over the front of the shin bone. This is caused due to increased pressure within a closed anatomical space that comprises the circulation and function of tissues within that space. If you suspect induced compartment syndrome, pressure testing should be considered.
Ankle Sprain – Common running injury where one or more of the ligaments of the ankle istorn or partially torn.
Achilles Tendonitis – An inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the two major calf muscles, the gastrocnemius and soleus, to the back of the heel bone.
Plantar fasciitis –An inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick, fibrous band of tissue running from the heel to the base of the toes.
Arch Pain – Arch pain can also be called a strain. It often causes inflammation and a burning sensation under the arch of the foot. The arch band of tissue is crucial in foot mechanics because it transfers weight from the heel to the toes. If this area is inflamed even simple walking movements can be quite painful.
Runners Nipple – Chafing of the nipple due to friction.
Thigh Chafing – Chafing of the nipple due to friction.